Referenced from lesson Introduction to Computational Data Science (Spring, 2021)


  • Who is the best quarterback of all time?

  • Are baseball pitchers throwing harder than ever?

  • How much more do male soccer players earn than females?

  • How common is it for former Olympic athletes to become coaches?

  • How much does an extra inch of height help a basketball player?

Pop Culture

  • What percentage of people have seen the movie that won last year’s Best Picture Award?

  • Who tends to be more popular: bands or solo singers?

  • Are younger actors paid more than older actors?

  • Are movies with female leads as profitable as movies with male leads?

  • Does winning a Grammy increase sales?


  • Is “Stop and Frisk” a racist policy?

  • Do Republican politicians tend to come from different states than Democratic ones?

  • Do people in countries that have universal healthcare live longer than people in countries that don’t?

  • Was press coverage slanted for or against a particular candidate?


  • Do small schools perform better than large ones?

  • Which has a stronger correlation with student achievement: race or wealth?

  • Do bilingual classes result in better outcomes for ESL/ELL students?

These materials were developed partly through support of the National Science Foundation, (awards 1042210, 1535276, 1648684, and 1738598). CCbadge Bootstrap:Data Science by the Bootstrap Community is licensed under a Creative Commons 4.0 Unported License. This license does not grant permission to run training or professional development. Offering training or professional development with materials substantially derived from Bootstrap must be approved in writing by a Bootstrap Director. Permissions beyond the scope of this license, such as to run training, may be available by contacting